ISPM 15 Phytosanitary

The UN FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation) produced ISPM (International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures) No 15 - Guidelines for regulating wood packaging material in international trade, it was published in March 2002 and has been implemented by an increasing number of countries since then. (Latest revision 2018 download below)

IPPC international ISPM 15 Logo

On 5th October 2004 the European Union recognised ISPM 15 with Directive 2004/102/EC Protective measures against the introduction into the Community of organisms harmful to plants or plant products and against their spread within the Community . It relates to phytosanitary control for incoming non-EU wood pallets and packaging (not traffic between EU and Switzerland).

Since large numbers of commercial pool and exchange pallets are now HT as routine, it is advisable to apply that to all WPM from/to the UK and to mainland Europe is HT. 

If you are involved with treating wood packing material (wpm) the Forestry Commission website is a useful source of information, if you require a list of companies accredited to carry out ISPM 15 treatment visit

Easy reference list for country requirents - Note that official translations of ISPM 15 exist in Portuguese and French and some countries eg. Brazil, use the Portuguese version NIMF 15 (the French version is NIMP 15)

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PDF65c ISPM 15 Full Wood Packaging Standard v2018 (PDF 761kb)
PDF85a Summary of ISPM 15 phytosanitary requirements. (PDF 78kb)
PDF85c Supply of loose heat treated HT marked timber (PDF 54kb)
PDF85f ISPM 15 treated wood packing imported into the EU to be resused in Europe. (PDF 11kb)
PDF98d Timber embrittlement through unusually high kiln temperatures. (PDF 49kb)
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